During this rapid influx of prospectors and settlers, tensions with the Cherokee increased.Before long, gold mines appeared in most counties in the North Georgia mountains, including Georgia's northeastern-most county, Rabun.This was a testimony to the amount of gold being produced in Georgia.The establishment of the Dahlonega Mint seemed to validate the state's actions in the early part of the century to seize Cherokee lands.Boom towns like Auraria and Dahlonega began to appear.and Dahlonega was said to have supported 15,000 miners at the height of the gold rush.In the early stages of the gold rush, the majority of the mining was placer mining.By 1830, Nile's Register estimated that there were 4,000 miners working on Yahoola Creek alone, and over 300 ounces (8.5 kg) of gold per day were being produced in an area from north of Blairsville to the southeast corner of Cherokee County.
The gold belt was extended north into Virginia, and south into South Carolina, Georgia, and Alabama.
The culmination of tensions between the Cherokee and various states, including Georgia, led to the forced migration of Native Americans, later known as the Trail of Tears.
President Andrew Jackson authorized the Indian Removal Act in 1830, which would allow a take over of the gold mining areas among other places.
Some poorly documented accounts exist of Spanish or French mining gold in North Georgia between 15, but they are based on supposition and on rumors passed on by Indians.
In summing up known sources, Yeates observed: “Many of these accounts and traditions seem to be quite plausible.